Perennials are the go-to flowers in a garden, blooming year after year, some of them lasting for even decades!  They come in a vast assortment of shapes, sizes, colors, and types, often get better over time, and many varieties require very little maintenance.  

That being said, there are several things that gardeners should be aware of and implement in their routines when maintaining their perennials to ensure that they have a healthy and long life.

Selection            

When choosing which perennials to add to your landscape make sure that you pick ones that will last.  There are many plants to choose from, and some bloom with vigor for a few seasons then tend to taper off while others will continue fully blooming for many years.  Several specific perennials that are long lasting include peonies, daylilies, hostas, iris, oriental poppies, and wisteria.

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            Feed Them

Plants that bloom year and after use a lot of energy to do that so adding some nutrient dense compost around your perennials both in the spring and in the fall will help to give them that extra boost to take an average bloomer to a great success!  When adding the compost to the soil be careful not to damage the root structure of the plant as they can often be unexpectedly shallow and delicate.

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Give them Sun  

Make sure that your perennials are planted in a very sunny part of your landscape.  In general, most plants that fall into this category need, at a minimum, 6 hours of direct sunlight.  If your perennials are only producing weak and few blooms they may not be getting enough direct sunlight, thereby weakening the entire plant.  

There are a few perennials that grow well in shaded areas, so if you want to fill a shady spot in your landscape make sure to do some research into which varieties are shade tolerant before planting.

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    Spacing        

When planting perennials make sure that you are digging a hole that is twice the size of the pot that the plant is currently in.  This will provide plenty of loose soil, once backfilled around the plant, that will encourage the roots to grow and strengthen, bringing stability and health to the plant.

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           If you follows these simple tips and trick you can have a healthy and thriving garden full of beautiful perennials in no time at all, bringing brilliant colors back to your landscape year after year.